Researchers say masculinity training 'ignores human nature'

Toni Airaksinen
Columnist at PJ Media

  • A recent peer-reviewed study indicates that women prefer men who exhibit chivalry, also known as "benevolent sexism," suggesting that college masculinity programs may be doing more harm than good.
  • The researchers said their findings indicate that masculinity training programs that encourage men and women to act in identical ways can be a "damaging" form of "social engineering."
  • The findings of a new peer-reviewed study suggest that college masculinity programs may be “damaging” to the romantic prospects of male students.

    Led by University of Iowa researcher Pelin Gul, the study “Benevolent Sexism and Mate Preferences” discovered that women prefer men with chivalrous attitudes and behaviours, since those men are seen as more likely to “invest, protect, provide, and commit.” 

    "Masculinity training programs can be damaging to male college students indeed, since it seems like these programs are focused on a very unrealistic conception of gender equality."   

    Even feminist women preferred chivalrous men, the researchers discovered, suggesting that “attraction [to chivalrous men] may be a mate preference for women in general, and not just for women who endorse traditional gender roles.” 

    [RELATED: ‘Teaching Handbook’ preps profs to counter ‘benevolent sexism’]

    After the study attracted widespread media attention, Campus Reform reached out to the researchers to inquire about the implications of the study for college men, especially since many universities have programs discouraging men from chivalry.

    Though Gul was quick to note that it is difficult to make suggestions about how boys and men should act towards women, even with the benefit of her research, she did express concern over university masculinity programs. 

    “I think these masculinity training programs can be damaging to male college students indeed, since it seems like these programs are focused on a very unrealistic conception of gender equality,” Gul told Campus Reform.

    “I don't think we should force men and women to be and act identical to each other,” she added. “Encouraging/forcing men to be identical to women is social engineering in a cruel way, and totally ignores human nature, including differentially evolved male and female mating psychology.”

    Instead, Gul posited that men and women should date in a way that feels “natural.” 

    “If men and women are aware of the positives and negatives of chivalry/benevolent sexism, then it is men's choice whether to act chivalrous to women and women's choice whether to approve of it or not,” she pointed out. 

    [RELATED: Biology prof calls out ‘toxic femininity’]

    University of Kent professor Tom Kupfer, who also worked on the research, told Campus Reform that he couldn’t make any blanket statements about college masculinity programs due to their variety, but did reiterate that the research shows that benevolently sexist men are simply “more attractive.” 

    “Further research is needed to show this for certain but, if so, then benevolent men could have advantages—both in attracting a mate in the first place, and perhaps also in keeping a mate satisfied,” Kupfer noted. 

    Going forward, Kupfer suggested that more research could shed light on how to help men understand the nuances of chivalrous attitudes and behaviours, to avoid being patronizing towards women while still acting in ways that will make them more attractive mates. 

    “For example, do all acts of benevolence undermine and patronise women? Or is it only certain acts in certain situations? For instance, overt helping behaviour might be detrimental when a woman's professional competence is at stake, whereas helping her to move heavy items at home might not be so undermining,” he said. 

    The original study, “Benevolent Sexism and Mate Preferences: Why Do Women Prefer Benevolent Men Despite Recognizing That They Can Be Undermining? ” was published June 29 in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

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    Toni Airaksinen

    Toni Airaksinen

    Columnist at PJ Media
    Toni Airaksinen is Columnist at PJ Media and a Consultant at Youth Radio. She was previously a New Jersey Campus Correspondent, reporting on liberal bias and abuse for Campus Reform with a focus on Title IX, the OCR, and the First Amendment. During college, she also was a columnist for Quillette and The Columbia Spectator. Her exclusives have been featured on FOX News and The Drudge Report. She graduated from Barnard College in 2018.
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